Wednesday, August 30, 2023

MAE ESL 3 2023-08-30

APA: What is PTSD?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that may occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a traumatic event such as a natural disaster, a serious accident, a terrorist act, war/combat, or rape or who have been threatened with death, sexual violence or serious injury.

Symptoms of PTSD fall into the following four categories. Specific symptoms can vary in severity.

1. Intrusion: Intrusive thoughts such as repeated, involuntary memories; distressing dreams; or flashbacks of the traumatic event. Flashbacks may be so vivid that people feel they are re-living the traumatic experience or seeing it before their eyes.

2. Avoidance: Avoiding reminders of the traumatic event may include avoiding people, places, activities, objects and situations that may trigger distressing memories. People may try to avoid remembering or thinking about the traumatic event. They may resist talking about what happened or how they feel about it.

3. Alterations in cognition and mood: Inability to remember important aspects of the traumatic event, negative thoughts and feelings leading to ongoing and distorted beliefs about oneself or others (e.g., “I am bad,” “No one can be trusted”); distorted thoughts about the cause or consequences of the event leading to wrongly blaming self or other; ongoing fear, horror, anger, guilt or shame; much less interest in activities previously enjoyed; feeling detached or estranged from others; or being unable to experience positive emotions (a void of happiness or satisfaction).

4. Alterations in arousal and reactivity: Arousal and reactive symptoms may include being irritable and having angry outbursts; behaving recklessly or in a self-destructive way; being overly watchful of one's surroundings in a suspecting way; being easily startled; or having problems concentrating or sleeping.

Holding the Bag

    Monday, August 28, 2023

    MAE ESL 3 2023-08-28

    American English at State: Quantifier

    English for Advancement: Asking about Job Responsibilities

    Day by Day by Steve Molinsky and Bill Bliss: Unit 1 page 12-13

    Learn English Feel Good: 
    Countable or uncountable? 1 (I) PDF

    TV2Africa: Ethiopian Taxi Driver in Washington, D.C.

    Gossa is a cab driver in Washington DC. He has a full-time job at VOANews and drives a taxi part-time. He talks about good customers (4:45-4:59) and bad customers (5:00-5:40). He talks about hard times (6:08-6:47) and the day a woman offered him a scholarship and a better job (6:48-7:52). Click CC to read the video's CLOSED CAPTIONS.

    Holding the Bag